Investment adviser Raymond Lucia was fined $300,000 by a Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) administrative law judge (ALJ) for violating the Investment Advisers Act of 1940.  Lucia appealed, arguing that the ALJ was not constitutionally appointed, voiding his and the SEC’s decision.  After losing on appeal, the Supreme Court reversed and remanded, holding that ALJs ... [Read more]

A German company used virtual currency to fund a Decentralized Autonomous Organization (DAO), which then exchanged its own tokens to provide ownership and control of the DAO.  In a 2017 report of investigation, the SEC concluded that the DAO tokens were securities irrespective of their form and that the platform on which they were ... [Read more]

Several federal and state agencies have taken the initiative to regulate cryptocurrencies because Congress has not created (and the courts have not interpreted) a system for doing so. Until Congress does so, prudent investors must plan to file with and survive scrutiny from a number of federal agencies, private exchanges themselves, and possibly also the ... [Read more]

To all of our Clients, Colleagues, and Associates We are so grateful for you this Thanksgiving! May you have a wonderful Holiday! Our best wishes, The ALFI Team

Taxpayers who are not eligible for Social Security Numbers (SSNs) need to apply for and receive an ITIN to pay their income taxes and to avoid: (1) delays receiving tax refunds; (2) interest and penalties on underpayments of tax, and (3) unnecessary backup withholding on non-employee income (reported on one of the various form 1099s). ... [Read more]